Analyse d'Haïti en 2009 par l'ONG internationale
INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP - NEW BRIEFING
To keep Haiti on course and avoid further unrest, its government needs to build a broad national consensus, reaching out to parliament and civil society.
Port-au-Prince/Brussels, 3 March 2009:
The International Crisis Group (Crisis Group) is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation covering some 60 crisis-affected countries and territories across four continents, working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict.
"Haiti 2009: Stability at Risk", the latest update briefing from the International Crisis Group, examines a fragile political, social and economic situation. A series of crises in 2008 have pushed more Haitians into poverty and increased the potential for serious trouble this year.
“The socio-economic situation is worse than at the time of the April 2008 riots and the fall of the Alexis government”, says Bernice Robertson, Crisis Group’s Senior Haiti Analyst. “President René Préval and Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis need to secure the support of donors and parliament to swiftly implement a wide-ranging stabilisation strategy or risk renewed political instability and violence”.
There is an urgent need for broad political consensus and improved relations between the executive and legislative branches of government as well as a government-donor-civil society partnership to kick start a community-oriented process that will not only reconstruct Haiti but also transform it into a safer and more stable nation.
The immediate focus should include:
- identifying government-led, community-approved, high-impact and high-visibility projects to tackle key challenges such as job-creation and food shortages;
- boosting security sector reform by speedily completing actions planned and begun in 2008 to control porous borders and corrupt and inefficient ports;
- working closer with parliament and improving transparency in handling emergency funds and carrying out reconstruction; and
- strengthening democratic institutions and stabilisation efforts by holding inclusive elections in 2009 observed by nationals and internationals.
“The April 2009 donors conference is important since it will largely determine whether the government can meet the expectations of the country’s poor and avoid further unrest”, warns Markus Schultze-Kraft, Crisis Group’s Latin America Program Director. “Senate elections in April and the constitutional reform debate shortly after will set the political tone for reconstruction and development efforts during the remainder of the year”.
Andrew Stroehlein (Brussels) +32 (0) 2 541 1635
Kimberly Abbott (Washington) +1 202 785 1601